subjectId: 690685



Welcome to the UM Citation Guide. Whether it is your favorite part of research or the bane of your existence, citing sources is essential. Citation allows you to give proper credit to resources you employ in your work. It permits easy discovery of the original sources you used. Finally, proper use of citations prevents plagiarism! This guide will provide information on citation styles (APA, MLA, AMA, Chicago, Turabian) and citation management systems (EndNote, RefWorks, and Zotero).

Why cite?

  • Give proper credit
  • Avoid plagiarism
  • Helps readers find resources you used
  • Provides proof you have done extensive research


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Citation styles vary and have their own format and rules. It is important when using citation generators or citation managers that you check for accuracy because both can make mistakes. The guides below are excellant resources to check the formatting of your citations and cover APA Style, MLA Style, AMA Style, Chicago Style, and Turabian Style.

APA Style 7th Edition

MLA Style 9th Edition

AMA Style 11th Edition

Chicago Style 17th Edition

Turabian Style 9th Edition

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What is a Citation Management System?

What is a Citation Management System?

Managing citations for papers can take a lot of time and effort. Citation Management Systems save you time by storing, organizing, and compliling your citations. There are different citation management systems to choose from and you can compare the different managers to pick the right one for you. At UM the four major citation managers are EndNote, Mendeley, RefWorks, and Zotero.

*While Citation Management Systems are powerful tools they are not always accurate so check your citations!

Citation Managers


  • Subscription through UM
  • Client- based (access through your computer)
  • Online version available


  • Subscription through UM
  • Web-based


  • Free
  • Web and Desktop versions availale


  • Saily Marrero

    Nursing & Health Studies, Biology, and Psychology Librarian


  • Adrian Legaspi

    History, Religious Studies, Political Science, International Studies, and Modern Languages & Literatures Librarian



  • Erica Newcome

    STEM and Interdisciplinary Research Librarian


What is plagiarism?

University of Miami's Undergraduate Honor Code defines plagiarism as, "representing the words or ideas of someone else as your own. Examples include, but are not limited to, failing to properly cite direct quotes and failing to give credit for someone else’s ideas. Plagiarism also includes copying your own work from another class or prior assignment without proper citation."

To learn more about plagiarism and academic integrity check out the Academic Integrity Policy and the Undergraduate Honor Code.

But what if I use AI?

AI has the capability of writing an entire paper but representing that piece of work as your own is a form of plagiarism, even if its a robot.

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University of Miami. (2021). Academic integrity policy and the undergraduate honor code.